Kinetic and thermodynamic controls on CaCO3 formation during geologic carbon storage; constraining and applying the influence of bacteria and clay minerals.

 This three-year project started November 2016 and is a collaboration with 3 international Research Institutions University of Aberystwyth, University of Copenhagen and Pacific Northwest National Labs). I am investigating how thermodynamic barriers can be exploited to enhance geologic carbon storage. Natural organic polymers, bacterial membranes and minerals are present in our subsurface and I aim to obtain insight into how these surfaces influence kinetic and thermodynamics of CaCO3 formation can how we can exploit that to increase the rates for turning CO2 into calcite in a natural setting.